CropLife Canada represents the manufacturers, developers, and distributors of plant science innovations – pest control products and plant biotechnology – for use in agriculture, urban, and public health settings. CropLife Canada supports innovative and sustainable agriculture in Canada, in cooperation with others, by building trust and appreciation for plant science innovations.
Manufacturers have made tremendous advances in modern-day crop protection products. Today we have many highly targeted products that only affect specific pests. In addition to safer products that dissipate in the environment more quickly, today we use these products in much lower rates because they are much more targeted and effective.
Pesticide Regulation Facts
- Products that protect America’s food crops must undergo some 120 health, safety and environmental tests to ensure their safety and effectiveness before being granted a pesticide registration by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
- Pesticide development and testing by the crop protection industry, and EPA registration, take an average of nine years and costs pesticide manufacturers $152 million to $256 million for each crop protection product introduced to market.
- On average, only one in 139,000 potential pesticide products successfully makes it through the regulatory process from the chemist’s or biologist’s discovery laboratory to the farmer’s field.
Pesticide use and development are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under several different U.S. laws, including the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Pesticide Registration Improvement Act.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) is the federal law governing Unites States pesticide regulation. First passed in 1947, FIFRA originally gave the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) authority for regulating pesticides. EPA took over this responsibility in 1972.
FIFRA-established regulation of pesticides includes:
- Registration for all pesticides (after a period of data collection to determine the effectiveness for its intended use, appropriate dosage, and hazards) and the labels instructing proper and acceptable use. All pesticide applicants must show that the pesticide "will not generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on the environment'' when used properly, according to specifications. ''Unreasonable adverse effects on the environment’’ is defined as “any unreasonable risk to man or the environment…” or “a human dietary risk from residues that result from a use of a pesticide in or on any food…”
- Which pesticides are for general use and which are restricted to certified applicators.
Pesticide Registration Improvement Act (PRIA)
The Pesticide Registration Improvement Act of 2003 (PRIA I) amended the FIFRA-authorized fees for certain pesticide products, extended and improved the collection of maintenance fees, and established decision review periods by year in an effort to streamline the evaluation process for pesticide decisions, along with their associated fees. The 2007 Pesticide Registration Improvement Renewal Act (PRIA II) reauthorized PRIA I until 2012.
Learn more about CLA’s position on pesticide registration requirements and PRIA.