Environmental Risk Assessment (or EnvRA) evaluates potential effects to terrestrial and aquatic wildlife, plants, and other organisms as result of exposure of to a chemical, physical, or biological agent.
Agents which could be present in the environment include crop protection products as a result of their government-approved, intended use. Manufacturers are required to register these products with EPA by providing scientific studies demonstrating that the use of the product would not cause “unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment."
“The principles of risk assessment applied to pesticides are fundamentally the same as those applied to bridge and highway design, pharmaceuticals, and innumerable consumer products. The process is directed toward establishing an objective basis on which to assess risk potential relative to the likelihood of injury.”